Pathobiology of pulmonary acariasis in old World monkeys
1977 - Volume: 19 Issue: 3 pages: 371-383
Research in non-human primates is expanding in scale and importance. Currently, the demand. for monkeys and baboons in biomedical research is met by capture and transport from the field but losses are exceedingly high. This harvest of large animals is rapidly depleting the natural primate populations of the world (Southwick et al., 1970). Mortality during transport for the most part is related to respiratory and enteric infections. It is likely that infection with respiratory mites may predispose to other respiratory infections which contribute to the high cost, high mortality and consequent over-exploitation of these animals. today. I t is also evident that no clear interpretation can be made of the results of experimental pathology and physiology in studies of respiratory diseases in animals which are already infected with mites. Concomitant with these, the projected use of non-human primates in the ’Cancer Conquering Program’ initiated by the National Institutes of Health emphasize the nead for more thorough knowledge concerning the spontaneously arising diseases of monkeys. Despite the demonstrated high incidence of lung mite infection in Old World monkeys, almost nothing is known of the life history and physiology of the parasite or of the pathogenesis or the ecology of the disease. Increased knowledge in all three of these areas is required for the efficient control of mite infection in research populations. The ability of a parasite to survive in a particular host depends on several factors . Ecology, primate social behavior patterns and host immunity may all play a role in maintainnig this internal parasite among suspectible primate populations. Since biomedical research on national health problems is directed toward obtaining models for human studies, it is hoped that this review will further stimulate investigations on this neglected primate disease.
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