Share this article    

       

       

Contrasted ecological repartition of the Northern Fowl Mite Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Mesostigmata : Macronyssidae) and the Chicken Red Mite Dermanyssus gallinae (Mesostigmata: Dermanyssidae)

Roy, L. ; Chauve, C.M. and Buronfosse, T.


2010 - Volume: 50 Issue: 2 pages: 207-219

https://doi.org/10.1051/acarologia/20101958

Keywords

Ornithonyssus sylviarum Dermanyssus gallinae poultry farms wild avifauna lineage L1

Abstract

The two hematophagous mite species, the Northern Fowl Mite Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Macronyssidae) and the Chicken Red Mite Dermanyssus gallinae (Dermanyssidae), are considered serious pests in fowl farms in the USA and in Europe respectively. However, neither of them seems to be restricted to either of these two continents according to sparse records in the literature. The aim here was to explore the respective ecological repartitions of these two species in France and to compare them with data from the USA. We thus analyzed hematophagous mesostigmatid mites collected in France in natura, in orchards agroecosystems, in pet bird and fowl farms and compared DNA sequences from some North American and French mites in both species. It is remarkable that O. sylviarum has been recurrently encountered in bird nests from France and yet been absent from French layer farms, whereas it is a serious pest in layer farms in the USA. On the other hand, O. sylviarum has been isolated from ornamental bird farms in France (canary, pheasant). This suggests either a strong impact of different farming practices between continents or a colonization in process in Europe. It remains to be explored whether the opposite applies to D. gallinae in the USA. Lastly, mites belonging to the special lineage D. gallinae L1 have been isolated from North American pigeons providing mt and nDNA sequences very close to French L1 isolates. This confirms the specific status of this cryptic entity.

Download supplementary material

acarologia_50_2_207-219_appendix-1.pdf

acarologia_50_2_207-219_appendix-2.pdf



Comments
Please read and follow the instructions to post any comment or correction.

Article editorial history
Date received:
2010-01-12
Date accepted:
2010-02-23
Date published:
2010-06-30

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
2010 Roy, L.; Chauve, C.M. and Buronfosse, T.
Downloads
 Download article

Download the citation
RIS with abstract 
(Zotero, Endnote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks, Mendeley)
RIS without abstract 
BIB 
(Zotero, BibTeX)
TXT 
(PubMed, Txt)
Article metrics
Number of distinct pdf views
1790

Dimensions

Cited by: view citations with

Search via ReFindit