The ten teams of the DAUME project will conduct a compared analysis of five terrains: the urban area of Montpellier, the plain of Pisa, the Leziria do Tejo near Lisbon, the peri-urban spaces of Meknes and the metropolitan area of Constantine. You will find here a short description of each study area, and you can also download a flyer for further information in the native language of each country.
carte méditerrané

Lisbon

The Lezíria do Tejo is a renowned agricultural region situated at the fringe of the metropolitan area of Lisbon, and for several years has known important stakes in agricultural and urban policy:

  • A general decline in agriculture, related to socio-demographic mutations, economics and politics has taken place, but certain forms subsist: organic agriculture, agri-tourism, and an interconnected collection of commercial crop productions, often exported, but also providing food for the metropolitan region.
  • An urban sprawl, speculative and scattered, often disorganized (residential tourism, second homes), has been persistent and is tied to the development of transportation infrastructures and to the proximity of Lisbon.

Here the institutional actors play an essential role in structuring urban development and maintaining a multifunctional peri-urban agriculture, contributing to the preservation of rural life and to the development of interactions between the rural and the urban.

carte Lisbonne
membres Lisbonne

For further information on this study area: plaquette-Lisbonne.pdf (436.23 kB)

Meknes

Surrounding Meknes, agriculture is very dynamic but confronted with real estate interests, the appearance of new urban centers, and competition for limited underground water resources.

Four zones of agricultural production can be distinguished: truck farming notably potatoes and onions towards Wislane, market gardening (artichoke, mint, coriander, parsley, cabbage, lettuce, carrots, etc.) towards Toulal and Mejjat, fruit farming (olive and apple) towards Haj Kaddour, and local products towards Moulay Driss.

The farmers have very different profiles: small-scale subsistence farmers with weak market integration, large-scale commercial farmers, and new farmers, often urbanites taking advantage of special agricultural tax benefits to buy farms.

Within the framework of the DAUME project, the goal is to better characterize Meknes urban and peri-urban agriculture through the study of the perceptions and roles of the different actors, formal and informal, along with the issues and stakes involved in its sustainability.

For further information on this study area: plaquette-Meknes.pdf (413.27 kB)

carte Meknes
membres Meknes

Pisa

In the area surrounding Pisa, our research will focus on the plain and on the slopes of Mount Pisano overlooking the sea, both terrains that are affected in one way or another by the dynamics of peri-urbanization. We make an assumption that one of the principal stakes in the development of a sustainable agro-urban system can be found in linking their agricultural production to the alimentary needs of the city of Pisa. The studies conducted within the framework of the DAUME project will also have the objective of evaluating the landscape functions and the environmental services provided by these agricultural areas.

la plaine de Pise
membres Pise
membres Pise

For further information on this study area: plaquette-Pise.pdf (392.25 kB)

Montpellier

carte Montpelliermembres Montpellier

The agriculture of the region around Montpellier is marked by a historic specialization in bulk wine production. But after several decades of urban growth and a crisis in the wine industry, the winemakers are redirecting their output towards the more specialized production of premium wines. The Montpellier Agglomération (a metropolitan collective of Montpellier and smaller surrounding cities) is actively connecting its image to viticulture through a policy of support (wine trails and wine heritage, fairs, events and festivals). There also exists a diversified local agriculture oriented towards market gardening as well as livestock production (bulls and horses), fruit farming, wheat in spaces, and olive trees spread among the foothills. .

Nevertheless, this diversified Mediterranean agriculture continues to recede against the pressure of urbanization, and the dismantling of farms compounded by the aging population of farmers jeopardizes its future in the peri-urban region. .

Here the stake of the DAUME project is to identify the challenges for sustaining agriculture in a region of major urban development, in other words, to comprehend the conditions that will support the emergence of new agricultural systems. This particularly entails identifying and associating the different forms of innovation that permit sustainable integration of agriculture into the urban dynamic of the region.

For further information on this study area: plaquette-Mtp.pdf (432.50 kB)

Constantine

Being situated on a site unsuited to expansion, Constantine has experienced the shifting of recent population growth towards adjacent cities. In the process large tracts of agricultural space have been engulfed as a result of programs of public development, and through the proliferation of illegal construction and flimsy housing developments.

Under the DAUME research project, two terrains could be studied, both confronted with urban expansion:

  • El Khroub and Aïn-Smara, the ancient grain producing hinterlands of Constantine, that have seen dramatic declines in yield and are very appealing for their agronomic potential.
  • El Hamma, the ancient market gardens close to Constantine, where the survival of market farming is threatened by the encroaching pollution from a local cement plant established in the 1970s.

For further information on this study area: plaquette-Constantine.pdf (370.15 kB)

carte Constantinemembres Constantine
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