Tetranychidae - Tetranychinae - Tetranychini

Tetranychus ludeni Zacher, 1913. Zacher (1913): 40.

Tetranychus ludeni Zacher, 1913. Zacher (1913): 40. Type host: Cucurbita sp., Salvia splendens. Type locality: Germany.


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Summary:

  • Nomenclature
  • Hosts
  • Distribution
  • Distribution Map (open a new window)


  • Nomenclature:

    Tetranychus desertorum Banks, 1900. Misidentification. Ehara (1956): 144.
    Tetranychus desertorum Banks, 1900. Corrected identification. Ehara & Masaki (1989): 49.

    Septanychus deviatarsus McGregor, 1950. Synonym description. McGregor (1950): 322.
    Tetranychus deviatarsus McGregor, 1950. Synonymy by. Pritchard & Baker (1955): 405.

    Tetranychus ludeni Zacher, 1913. Valid nomenclatural act. Zacher (1913): 40. Type host: Cucurbita sp., Salvia splendens. Type locality: Germany.
    Tetranychus (Epitetranychus) ludeni Zacher, 1913. New combination. Zacher (1921): 187.
    Tetranychus ludeni Zacher, 1913. New combination. Pritchard & Baker (1955): 405.
    Tetranychus (Tetranychus) ludeni Oudemans, 1931. New combination. Tuttle, Baker & Abbatiello (1976): 95.

    Tetranychus salviae Oudemans, 1931. Synonym description. Oudemans (1931): 230. Type host: Salvia splendens. Type locality: Germany.
    Tetranychus salviae Oudemans, 1931. Synonymy by. Pritchard & Baker (1955): 405.

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    Hosts (347 results):


    Acanthaceae: Justicia sp. [da Silva, F.R., de Moraes, G.J., Knapp, M. (2008)]; Thunbergia alata [Urueta (1975); Aguilar, Murillo (2012); Migeon (2015)]; Thunbergia sp. [Migeon (2015)].
    Aizoaceae: Tetragonia tetragonioides.
    Amaranthaceae: Amaranthus sp. [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Beta vulgaris [Carmona & Dias (1980)]; Celosia argentea; Spinacia oleracea [Gupta & Gupta (1994)].
    Apiaceae: Apium graveolens [McGregor (1950)]; Daucus carota [McGregor (1950)]; Foeniculum vulgare; Pastinaca sativa; Petroselinum crispum; Peucedanum japonicum [Matsuda, Fukumoto, Hinomoto, et al. (2013)].
    Apocynaceae: Plumeria sp. [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)].
    Araceae: Alocasia sp. [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)]; Arum maculatum; Arum sp. [Gupta (1995)]; Colocasia sp.; Zantedeschia aethiopica [Meyer & Ryke (1959)].
    Araliaceae: Schefflera elegantissima [Papaioannou-Souliotis, Ragusa Di Chiara & Tsolakis (1994)]; Tetrapanax papyrifer [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)].
    Arecaceae: Cocos nucifera; Livistona sp..
    Aristolochiaceae: Aristolochia macrophylla [Meyer (1987)].
    Asparagaceae: Cordyline fruticosa [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)].
    Balsaminaceae: Impatiens sp. [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)].
    Bignoniaceae: Tecoma stans [Flechtmann (1967)].
    Brassicaceae: Armoracia rusticana [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)]; Brassica oleracea [Nassar & Ghai (1981); Gupta & Chatterjee (1997)]; Brassica rapa [Ehara & Masaki (1989)].
    Campanulaceae: Lobelia urens.
    Caprifoliaceae: Lonicera japonica; Lonicera sp. [Baker & Pritchard (1962)].
    Caricaceae: Carica papaya [Baker & Pritchard (1962); Aranda & Flechtman (1971); Migeon (2015)].
    Caryophyllaceae: Dianthus caryophyllus [Meyer (1974)]; Stellaria sp..
    Commelinaceae: Commelina sp. [Meyer & Rodrigues (1966); Rodrigues (1968)].
    Compositae: Ageratum conyzoides [Meyer (1974)]; Ageratum houstonianum [Davis (1968)]; Ageratum sp. [Garman (1940)]; Ambrosia artemisioides; Arctium lappa [Garrett & Haramoto (1967); Lee Goff (1986); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2009)]; Arctotheca calendula [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)]; Artemisia stelleriana; Aster sp. [Meyer (1974)]; Baccharis dracunculifolia [Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014)]; Bidens pilosa [Meyer & Ryke (1959); Urueta (1975); Toroitich, Ueckermann, Theron, et al. (2009); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Bidens sp. [Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013)]; Calendula sp. [Baker & Pritchard (1962)]; Centaurea seridis [Escudero & Ferragut (2005)]; Chrysanthemum sp. [Meyer (1974)]; Cirsium arvense [Meyer (1974)]; Compositae sp. [Baker & Pritchard (1962)]; Conyza bonariensis [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Cosmos bipinnatus [Flechtmann (1967)]; Cosmos sp. [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Flechtmann & Baker (1975); Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Crassocephalum crepidioides [Davis (1968)]; Cynara cardunculus [Migeon (2015)]; Dahlia sp. [Meyer & Ryke (1959); Carmona & Dias (1980); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Erigeron floribundus [Migeon (2015)]; Erigeron sp. [Davis (1968); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Franseria artemisioides [Urueta (1975)]; Galinsoga parviflora [Davis (1968)]; Geigeria filifolia [Meyer (1974)]; Gerbera jamesonii [Davis (1968)]; Gerbera sp. [Paschoal (1970); Migeon (2015)]; Gnaphalium undulatum [Meyer (1974)]; Helianthus annuus [Meyer & Ryke (1959); Flechtmann & Abreu (1973); Flechtmann & Baker (1975); Urueta (1975); Freitez & Alvarado (1976); Carmona & Dias (1980)]; Helichrysum bracteatum; Heterotheca subaxillaris [Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Melampodium perfoliatum; Melanthera biflora [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Mikania sp. [Urueta (1975)]; Parthenium argentatum [McGregor (1950)]; Pericallis cruenta [Davis (1968)]; Pyrethrum sp. [Meyer (1974)]; Senecio inaequidens [Meyer (1974)]; Senecio rosmarinifolius [Meyer (1974)]; Senecio sp. [Migeon (2015)]; Solidago altissima [Gotoh, Noda & Hong (2003); Gotoh, Moriya, Nachman (2015)]; Solidago sp. [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Solidago virga-aurea [Matsuda, Fukumoto, Hinomoto, et al. (2013); Matsuda, Morishita, Hinomoto, et al. (2014)]; Solidago virgaurea [Gotoh, Kitashima & Goka (2007)]; Synedrella nodiflora [Migeon (2015)]; Tagetes erecta [Gutierrez (1974); Migeon (2015)]; Tagetes minuta [Davis (1968)]; Tagetes sp. [Davis (1968)]; Taraxacum officinale [Urueta (1975)]; Tarchonanthus camphoratus [Meyer (1974)]; Tithonia rotundifolia [Meyer (1987); El-Jaouani (1988)]; Vernonanthura petiolaris [Flechtmann & Baker (1975)]; Vernonia sp. [Estebanes-Gonzalez & Baker (1968); Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014)]; Xanthium orientale [Urueta (1975)]; Xanthium spinosum [Meyer (1987)]; Xanthium strumarium [Davis (1968); Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014); Migeon (2015)]; Zinnia sp. [Meyer & Ryke (1959)].
    Convolvulaceae: Calystegia soldanella [Gotoh, Noda & Hong (2003)]; Convolvulus arvensis; Convolvulus sp. [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Ipomoea arachnosperma [Meyer (1974)]; Ipomoea batatas [Davis (1968); Baker (1975); Migeon (2015)]; Ipomoea cairica [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Ipomoea fistulosa; Ipomoea lobata [Davis (1968)]; Ipomoea pes-caprae [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Ipomoea purpurea [Meyer & Ryke (1959); Guanilo, A.D., de Moraes, G.J., Flechtmann, C.H.W., et al. (2012)]; Ipomoea sp. [Urueta (1975); da Silva, F.R., de Moraes, G.J., Knapp, M. (2008)]; Ipomoea triloba [Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014)]; Merremia umbellata.
    Cucurbitaceae: Benincasa hispida [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2009); Matsuda, Fukumoto, Hinomoto, et al. (2013); Chen, Jin, Zhang, et al. (2014)]; Citrullus lanatus [Carmona (1960); Andrews & Poe (1980); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Migeon (2015)]; Coccinia grandis [Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Cucumis anguria [Zeity, Srinivas, Gowda (2017)]; Cucumis melo [Ehara (1956); Carmona (1960); Flechtmann (1996); Aguilar, Murillo (2012)]; Cucumis sativus [Ehara (1956); Doreste (1967); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2009); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Cucumis sp. [Migeon (2015)]; Cucurbita maxima [Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Cucurbita moschata [Zhang, Sun, Jin, et al. (2016)]; Cucurbita pepo [Aguilar & Murillo (2008)]; Cucurbita sp. [Zacher (1913); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Lagenaria siceraria [Flechtmann (1967)]; Luffa acutangula [Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Luffa cylindrica [Paschoal (1970); Andrews & Poe (1980)]; Melothria sp. [Rodrigues (1968)]; Momordica charantia [Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Momordica sp. [Meyer & Rodrigues (1966); Rodrigues (1968)]; Sechium edule [Paschoal (1968); Ochoa, Aguilar & Merino (1989); Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Sechium sp. [Flechtmann & Baker (1975)].
    Dioscoreaceae: Dioscorea sp. [Costa Comelles, Soares, Vercher, et al. (1993)].
    Dipterocarpaceae: Shorea robusta [Gupta & Gupta (1994)].
    Dryopteridaceae: Dryopteris sp. [Meyer & Ryke (1959)].
    Ebenaceae: Euclea crispa [Meyer (1987)].
    Euphorbiaceae: Acalypha macrostachya; Acalypha wilkesiana; Croton sp. [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Euphorbia cyathophora; Euphorbia pulcherrima; Manihot esculenta [Rodrigues (1968)]; Manihot sp. [Aranda & Flechtman (1971)]; Ricinus communis [McGregor (1950); Baker & Pritchard (1953); Flechtmann & Baker (1975); Urueta (1975); Carmona & Dias (1980); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Flechtmann (1996); Migeon (2015)].
    Geraniaceae: Pelargonium sp. [Meyer & Ryke (1959)]; Pelargonium x hortorum.
    Gesneriaceae: Sinningia sp. [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)].
    Hydrangeaceae: Hydrangea macrophylla [Meyer & Ryke (1959)].
    Iridaceae: Gladiolus sp..
    Juglandaceae : Juglans regia [Carmona & Dias (1980)].
    Lamiaceae : Callicarpa japonica [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Holmskioldia sanguinea [Davis (1968)]; Hyptis capitata; Leonotis leonurus [Costa Comelles, Soares, Vercher, et al. (1993)]; Leonotis nepetifolia; Leonotis ocymifolia [Meyer (1987)]; Leucas martinicensis [Meyer (1974)]; Leucas zeylanica [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Mentha sp. [Carmona & Dias (1980)]; Mentha x piperita [Paschoal (1970); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Origanum vulgare; Perilla frutescens [Garrett & Haramoto (1967); Lee Goff (1986); Osakabe, Hirose & Sato (2002)]; Salvia greggii [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Salvia leucantha [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Salvia officinalis [Davis (1968)]; Salvia sp. [Meyer (1974); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013); Migeon (2015)]; Salvia splendens [Zacher (1913); Oudemans (1931)].
    Lardizabalaceae: Akebia trifoliata [Osakabe, Hirose & Sato (2002)].
    Leguminosae: Arachis hypogaea [Migeon (2015)]; Bauhinia forficata [Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014)]; Bauhinia rufa [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Cajanus cajan [Meyer (1974); Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Canavalia gladiata [Pritchard & Baker (1955)]; Centrosema plumieri [Davis (1968)]; Centrosema pubescens [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Clitoria ternatea [Baker & Pritchard (1962)]; Crotalaria goreensis [Davis (1968)]; Crotalaria sp. [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)]; Desmodium ospriostreblum; Desmodium sp. [Urueta (1975); Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Desmodium tortuosum [Karuppuchamy & Mohanasundaram (1987)]; Erythrina sp.; Glycine max [Ehara (1960); Davis (1968); Flechtmann & Baker (1975); Urueta (1975); Gutierrez & Schicha (1983); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Mori, Takagi, Kohjimoto, et al. (2008); Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010); Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014); Arnemann, Fiorin, Perini, et al. (2015); Migeon (2015)]; Lablab purpureus [Davis (1968); Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Lathyrus odoratus [Davis (1968); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Lonchocarpus rugosus [Estebanes-Gonzalez & Baker (1968)]; Lupinus albus [Biasi & Santos (1988)]; Macroptilium atropurpureum [Migeon (2015)]; Macroptilium bracteatum [Davis (1968)]; Macrotyloma axillare; Medicago sativa [McGregor (1950)]; Melilotus sp. [Gonzalez (1977)]; Mucuna pruriens [Paschoal (1968); Flechtmann & Baker (1975)]; Neonotonia wightii; Phaseolus coccineus; Phaseolus lunatus [Migeon (2015)]; Phaseolus sp. [Gupta (1992); Migeon (2015)]; Phaseolus vulgaris [Garman (1940); Meyer & Ryke (1959); Urueta (1975); Carmona & Dias (1980); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Morros C & Aponte L (1994); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2009); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011); Migeon (2015)]; Pisum sativum [Davis (1968)]; Pueraria montana [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Rossi Simons (1961); Jeppson, Keifer & Baker (1975); Andrews & Poe (1980); Gotoh, Kaibara & Tamura (2007)]; Robinia pseudoacacia [Gotoh, Noda & Hong (2003)]; Stylosanthes guianensis; Teramnus uncinatus [Davis (1968); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Trifolium repens [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)]; Vicia faba [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Vicia sativa [Biasi & Santos (1988)]; Vigna marina [Davis (1968)]; Vigna radiata [Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Vigna unguiculata [Gupta & Gupta (1994); Gupta & Chatterjee (1997); Migeon (2015)]; Vigna vexillata.
    Malvaceae: Abelmoschus esculentus [Paschoal (1970); Karuppuchamy & Mohanasundaram (1987); Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Abutilon darwinii; Abutilon grandifolium [Migeon (2015)]; Abutilon indicum; Alcea rosea [Meyer & Ryke (1959)]; Bakeridesia sellowiana; Corchorus tridens [Meyer & Rodrigues (1966); Rodrigues (1968)]; Gossypium barbadense [Davis (1968)]; Gossypium herbaceum [Flechtmann (1967); Gupta & Gupta (1994)]; Gossypium sp. [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Rodrigues (1968)]; Hibiscus mutabilis [Meyer (1974)]; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis; Hibiscus sp. [Meyer (1974); Hatzinikolis (1986)]; Hibiscus syriacus [Davis (1968)]; Lavatera sp. [Ben-David, Melamed, Gerson, et al. (2007); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Luehea speciosa [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Malva parviflora [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)]; Malva sp. [Costa Comelles, Soares, Vercher, et al. (1993)]; Modiola caroliniana; Pavonia spinifex; Sida rhombifolia [Meyer (1987); Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014)]; Sida santaremensis [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Sida sp. [Davis (1968)]; Thespesia sp. [Meyer (1974)]; Triumfetta rhomboidea [Meyer & Rodrigues (1966); Rodrigues (1968)]; Triumfetta semitriloba [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)].
    Moraceae: Artocarpus altilis [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983)]; Ficus carica [Meyer (1974)]; Ficus sp. [Baker & Pritchard (1962)]; Morus alba [Gupta (1995)].
    Musaceae: Musa x paradisiaca [Carmona (1992)].
    Myrtaceae: Psidium sp. [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)].
    Nyctaginaceae: Bougainvillea sp.; Mirabilis jalapa.
    Oleaceae: Jasminum sambac [Gupta & Gupta (1994)].
    Orchidaceae: Cymbidium sp. [Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013)].
    Oxalidaceae: Oxalis debilis [Davis (1968)]; Oxalis sp. [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)].
    Passifloraceae: Passiflora edulis [Paschoal (1970); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Passiflora mendoncaei [Flechtmann & Baker (1975)]; Passiflora mollissima [Zhou, He, Wang (2018)]; Passiflora sp. [Gutierrez & Schicha (1984); Migeon (2015)].
    Paulowniaceae: Paulownia fortunei [Paschoal & Reis (1968)]; Paulownia sp..
    Piperaceae: Piper sp. [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)].
    Plantaginaceae: Antirrhinum majus [Davis (1968)].
    Poaceae: Poaceae sp. [Baker & Pritchard (1962)]; Sorghum sp.; Zea mays [Abdel-Shaheed, Hammad & El-Sawaf (1973)].
    Pontederiaceae: Eichhornia crassipes [Meyer (1987)].
    Primulaceae: Primula sp..
    Proteaceae: Macadamia integrifolia [Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)].
    Rosaceae: Cydonia oblonga; Fragaria x ananassa [Davis (1968); Meyer (1974); Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013); Migeon (2015)]; Malus domestica [Meyer & Ryke (1959); Paschoal & Reis (1968); Flechtmann (1996); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Prunus armeniaca [Meyer (1974)]; Prunus avium [Papaioannou-Souliotis, Ragusa Di Chiara & Tsolakis (1994)]; Prunus domestica; Prunus persica [Meyer & Ryke (1959); Aranda & Flechtman (1971); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Pyrus communis [Carmona & Dias (1980); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Rosa sp. [Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013)]; Rubus pinnatus [Meyer & Ryke (1959)].
    Rubiaceae: Mussaenda philippica [Feres, Vieira, Daud, et al. (2009)]; Paederia foetida [Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013)]; Spermacoce laevis [Urueta (1975)].
    Rutaceae: Citrus aurantium [Davis (1968)]; Citrus limon [Meyer (1974)]; Citrus paradisi; Citrus sinensis [Costa Comelles, Soares, Vercher, et al. (1993)]; Citrus sp. [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Gupta & Chatterjee (1997)]; Citrus trifoliata [Davis (1968)]; Galipea sp.; Zanthoxylum rhoifolium [Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014)].
    Salicaceae: Populus nigra [Carmona & Dias (1980)].
    Sapindaceae: Cardiospermum halicacabum [Ehara & Masaki (1989)].
    Scrophulariaceae: Buddleja dysophylla [Meyer (1974)]; Myoporum sp. [Carmona (1960); Carmona & Dias (1980)].
    Solanaceae: Acnistus arborescens; Brugmansia arborea [Guanilo, A.D., de Moraes, G.J., Flechtmann, C.H.W., et al. (2012)]; Brugmansia suaveolens [da Silva, F.R., de Moraes, G.J., Knapp, M. (2008)]; Brugmansia x candida; Capsicum annuum [Carmona & Dias (1980); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Cestrum intermedium [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Datura ferox [Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010)]; Datura sp. [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Baker & Pritchard (1962); Migeon (2015)]; Datura stramonium [Meyer (1970); Meyer (1974); Urueta (1975); El-Jaouani (1988)]; Nicandra physalodes [Lopes Ribeiro, A.E., Correa Gondim, M.G., Jr., Calderan, E., et al. (2009); Guanilo, A.D., de Moraes, G.J., Flechtmann, C.H.W., et al. (2012)]; Nicotiana glauca [Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010)]; Nicotiana sp. [Meyer (1974)]; Physalis angulata [Gutierrez & Schicha (1983); Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010)]; Physalis hederifolia [Toroitich, Ueckermann, Theron, et al. (2009)]; Physalis lagascae; Physalis peruviana [Meyer & Ryke (1959); Lee Goff (1986); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Physalis pruinosa [Ehara (1966)]; Physalis pubescens [Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2010)]; Physalis sp. [Meyer & Ryke (1959)]; Salpichroa origanifolia [da Silva, F.R., de Moraes, G.J., Knapp, M. (2008)]; Solanaceae sp. [Furtado, Moraes, Kreiter, et al. (2006)]; Solanum asperolanatum [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum ferrugineum; Solanum grandiflorum [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum guaraniticum [Furtado, Moraes, Kreiter, et al. (2006)]; Solanum hazenii [Furtado, Moraes, Kreiter, et al. (2006)]; Solanum lycocarpum [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum lycopersicum [Carmona (1960); Carmona & Dias (1980); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Lopes Ribeiro, A.E., Correa Gondim, M.G., Jr., Calderan, E., et al. (2009)]; Solanum melongena [Zacher (1913); Ehara (1956); Karuppuchamy & Mohanasundaram (1987); El-Jaouani (1988); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Gupta & Chatterjee (1997); Anonymous (1999); Osakabe, Hirose & Sato (2002); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2009); Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013); Ge, Sun, Cui, et al. (2013); Migeon (2015)]; Solanum nigrum [Urueta (1975); Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010)]; Solanum palinacanthum [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum paniculatum [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum quitoense [Urueta (1975)]; Solanum rudepannum [Baker (1975); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)]; Solanum saponaceum [Urueta (1975)]; Solanum sessiliflorum [Guanilo, A.D., de Moraes, G.J., Flechtmann, C.H.W., et al. (2012)]; Solanum sp. [Baker & Pritchard (1962); Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010); Migeon (2015)]; Solanum stipulaceum [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum stramoniifolium [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum thomasiifolium [Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007)]; Solanum tuberosum [Meyer (1974); Ehara & Masaki (1989)]; Solanum viarum [Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010)]; Vassobia breviflora [Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010)]; Withania sp. [Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)].
    Tiliaceae: Sparmannia africana [Meyer (1974)].
    Ulmaceae: Ulmus procera [Meyer (1987)]; Ulmus sp. [Ghasemi Moghadam, Ahadiyat, Ueckermann (2016)].
    Urticaceae: Boehmeria nivea; Parietaria judaica [Hurtado, Ansaloni, Cros-Arteil, et al. (2008)].
    Verbenaceae: Duranta erecta [Paschoal (1970)]; Lantana camara [Meyer (1974); Urueta (1975); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011); Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014)]; Lantana fucata [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Lantana sp. [Pritchard & Baker (1955)]; Lippia sp. [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Phyla nodiflora [Gotoh, Noda & Hong (2003)]; Stachytarpheta cayennensis [Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005)]; Verbena bonariensis [Meyer (1974)]; Verbena litoralis [Urueta (1975)]; Verbena rigida; Verbena sp. [Davis (1968)].
    Violaceae: Viola cornuta.
    Vitaceae: Vitis sp. [Meyer & Ryke (1959)]; Vitis vinifera [Baker & Pritchard (1962); Aranda & Flechtman (1971); Carmona & Dias (1980)]

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    Distribution (53 results):


    Afrotropical: Kenya [Jeppson, Keifer & Baker (1975); Toroitich, Ueckermann, Theron, et al. (2009)]; Madagascar [Helle, Gutierrez & Bolland (1970); Migeon (2015)]; Malawi [Meyer (1974)]; Mauritius [Baker & Pritchard (1960)]; Mozambique [Meyer & Rodrigues (1966); Rodrigues (1968); Sidumo, A., Langa, S., Manjate, J., et al. (2007)]; South Africa [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Meyer (1974)]; Swaziland [Meyer (1974)]; Zambia [Meyer (1974); Mwase & Baker (2006)]; Zimbabwe [Meyer (1974)].
    Australasian: Australia [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011); Migeon (2015)]; Cook Is. (New Zealand) [Dugdales (1975)]; Fiji [Gutierrez (1977); Migeon (2015)]; French Polynesia [Gutierrez (1980); Migeon (2015)]; Hawaiian Is. (Usa) [Garrett & Haramoto (1967); Lee Goff (1986)]; New Caledonia (France) [Gutierrez (1980); Migeon (2015)]; New Zealand [Manson (1967); Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013); Zhou, He, Wang (2018)]; Papua New Guinea [Migeon (2015)]; Tasmania (Australia) [Miller (1966); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011)].
    Nearctic: Mexico [Estebanes-Gonzalez & Baker (1968)]; United States [McGregor (1920); Garman (1940); Pritchard & Baker (1955); Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013)].
    Neotropical: Argentina [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Rossi Simons (1961); Flechtmann (1996); Guanilo, A.D., Moraes, G.J.d., Toledo, S., et al. (2010)]; Brazil [Flechtmann (1967); Flechtmann & Abreu (1973); Flechtmann & Baker (1975); Flechtmann (1996); Feres, Lofego & Oliveira (2005); Furtado, Moraes, Kreiter, et al. (2006); Fiaboe, Gondim, Moraes, et al. (2007); da Silva, F.R., de Moraes, G.J., Knapp, M. (2008); Feres, Vieira, Daud, et al. (2009); Lopes Ribeiro, A.E., Correa Gondim, M.G., Jr., Calderan, E., et al. (2009); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011); Reichert, Da Silva, Rocha, et al. (2014); Arnemann, Fiorin, Perini, et al. (2015); Migeon (2015)]; Chile [Pritchard & Baker (1955)]; Colombia [Urueta (1975); Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013)]; Costa Rica [Baker & Pritchard (1962); Ochoa, Aguilar & Merino (1989); Aguilar & Murillo (2008); Aguilar, Murillo (2012)]; Dominican Republic [Anonymous (1999); Perez-Gelabert (2008)]; El Salvador [Pritchard & Baker (1955); Baker & Pritchard (1962); Jeppson, Keifer & Baker (1975); Andrews & Poe (1980)]; Honduras [Baker & Pritchard (1962)]; Nicaragua [Baker & Pritchard (1962)]; Paraguay [Aranda (1969); Aranda & Flechtman (1971)]; Peru [Guanilo, A.D., de Moraes, G.J., Flechtmann, C.H.W., et al. (2012)]; Venezuela [Doreste (1967); Freitez & Alvarado (1976); Morros C & Aponte L (1994)].
    Oriental: China (Oriental) [Wang & Cui (1992); Ge, Sun, Cui, et al. (2013); Chen, Jin, Zhang, et al. (2014); Zhang, Sun, Jin, et al. (2016)]; India [Puttarudriah & Channabasavanna (1959); Nassar & Ghai (1981); Karuppuchamy & Mohanasundaram (1987); Gupta (1992); Gupta & Gupta (1994); Gupta (1995); Gupta & Chatterjee (1997); Zeity, Srinivas, Gowda (2017)]; Nansei-shoto (Japan) [Ehara (1966); Ohno, Miyagi, Ganaha-Kikumura, et al. (2009); Matsuda, Fukumoto, Hinomoto, et al. (2013)]; Taiwan [Tseng (1974)]; Thailand [Baker (1975)].
    Palearctic: Algeria [Athias-Henriot (1959)]; Azores Is. (Portugal) [Costa Comelles, Soares, Vercher, et al. (1993)]; Canary Is. (Spain) [Ferragut & Santonja (1989)]; China (Palearctic) [Ma & Yuan (1975)]; Egypt [Abdel-Shaheed, Hammad & El-Sawaf (1973)]; France [Hardouin (1934)]; Germany [Zacher (1913); Oudemans (1931)]; Greece [Hatzinikolis (1986)]; Iran [Beyzavi, Ueckermann, Faraji, et al. (2013); Ghasemi Moghadam, Ahadiyat, Ueckermann (2016)]; Iraq [Mohamed & El-Haidari (1965)]; Israel [Ben-David, Melamed, Gerson, et al. (2007); Ben-David, Ueckermann, Gerson (2013)]; Japan [Ehara (1956); Ehara (1960); Ehara & Masaki (1989); Osakabe, Hirose & Sato (2002); Gotoh, Noda & Hong (2003); Gotoh, Kaibara & Tamura (2007); Gotoh, Kitashima & Goka (2007); Mori, Takagi, Kohjimoto, et al. (2008); Seeman, O.D., Beard, J.J. (2011); Arimoto, Satoh, Uesugi, et al. (2013); Matsuda, Fukumoto, Hinomoto, et al. (2013); Matsuda, Morishita, Hinomoto, et al. (2014); Gotoh, Moriya, Nachman (2015)]; Madeira I. (Portugal) [Carmona (1992)]; Morocco [Saba (1973); El-Jaouani (1988)]; Portugal [Carmona (1960); Carmona & Dias (1980)]; Spain [Ferragut & Santonja (1989); Escudero & Ferragut (2005); Hurtado, Ansaloni, Cros-Arteil, et al. (2008); Ferragut, Garzón-Luque, Pekas (2013)].

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