Marie-Stephane Tixier, Andrea Baldassar, Carlo Duso and Serge Kreiter

How to cite : Tixier M.S, Baldassar A., Duso C., Kreiter S. 2012. Dichotomous key to species of Phytoseiidae mites in European vine fields.

A paper version of the key is available in : Tixier M.S., Baldassar A., Duso C., Kreiter S. Phytoseiidae in European grape (Vitis vinifera L.): bio-ecological aspects and keys to species. Zootaxa submitted.





Species considered

Only the valid species, according to the last world catalogue of the family Phytoseiidae (Moraes et al. 2004) were considered. Thanks to the up-dated data used by Tixier et al. (2008, 2012) constructed thanks to Moraes et al. (1986) and then up-dated, the species reported on Vitis vinifera L. in European countries have been retrieved. Two species, not included in Moraes et al. (2004), were added: Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) yasminae Faraji, (Faraji et al. 2008) and Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) atoosae Faraji (Faraji et al. 2011). A total of 54 species (belonging to 15 genera and three sub-families) reported in 12 countries have been considered, representing 240 reports (see Table below). For the practical purposes of this work, Israel, Turkey and Iran have been considered as European countries as actually present and fairly well established businesses in the landscape of wine production belt located between 30 ° and 50 ° North parallel.

Characters considered

Setae nomenclature used in the key follows Lindquist and Evans (1965) as adapted by Rowell et al. (1978) for the Phytoseiidae, with modifications for the caudal region as given by Lindquist (1994). Idiosomal solenostome nomenclature follows Athias-Henriot (1975).
For species present in the Montpellier SupAgro collections, observations were performed with a phase and differential interference contrasts microscope (Leica DMLB, Leica Microsystèmes SAS, Nanterre, France) (40x magnification). For species wich were not present in our collection, type specimens were borrowed and observed. The types of the 6 following species have been borrowed: Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) cryptus (Oudemans), Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) psyllakisi (Swirskii & Ragusa), T. (A.) atoosae (Faraji), T. (A.) yasminae (Faraji), Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) athenas (Swirskii & Ragusa), Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) corticis (Herbert).
Pictures were taken to illustrate the keys.

Two keys are available

A DICHOTOMOUS KEY: The dichotomous key provides a logical path to choose between two propositions per item. The first step is the distinction between the three sub-families of Phytoseiidae: Amblyseiinae, Typhlodrominae and Phytoseiinae. Then for each sub-family, a key to the genera and then to the species is proposed. For some genera, a single species of Phytoseiidae has been reported in European vineyards. In these cases, a notice will explain that this is the only species of that genus in the electronic key. For several species, pictures of dorsal shield, ventral shields, spermatheca and chelicerae dentition (when visible) are provided. For a better understanding of some morphological features used in the key, pictures or drawings were added.

A POLYTOMOUS KEY: The polytomous key allows the user to select from characters which are more easily recognized, in any desired order. Each character is illustrated to help the user. Pictures of several species are also available.

When using this latter key, the group of species selected with the state of characters chosen also included the species for which the state of characters is not known.


List of species of phytoseiid mites in the keys

Phytoseiidae species
Amblyseiinae Amblyseiella setosa Muma
Amblyseiinae Amblyseius andersoni (Chant)
Amblyseiinae Amblyseius italicus (Chant)
Amblyseiinae Amblyseius obtusus (Koch)
Amblyseiinae Amblyseius rademacheri Dosse
Amblyseiinae Amblyseius swirskii (Athias-Henriot)
Amblyseiinae Euseius finlandicus (Oudemans)
Amblyseiinae Euseius scutalis (Athias-Henriot)
Amblyseiinae Euseius stipulatus (Athias-Henriot)
Amblyseiinae Graminaseius graminis (Chant)
Amblyseiinae Iphiseius degenerans (Berlese)
Amblyseiinae Kampimodromus aberrans (Oudemans)
Amblyseiinae Neoseiulus alpinus (= aurescens) (Schweizer)
Amblyseiinae Neoseiulus barkeri Hughes
Amblyseiinae Neoseiulus bicaudus (Wainstein)
Amblyseiinae Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor)
Amblyseiinae Neoseiulus cucumeris (Oudemans)
Amblyseiinae Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman)
Amblyseiinae Neoseiulus marginatus (Wainstein)
Amblyseiinae Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot
Amblyseiinae Proprioseiopsis messor (Wainstein)
Phytoseiinae Phytoseius echinus Wainstein & Arutunjan
Phytoseiinae Phytoseius fintitimus Ribaga
Phytoseiinae Phytoseius horridus Ribaga
Phytoseiinae Phytoseius macropilis (Banks)
Phytoseiinae Phytoseius plumifer (Canestrini & Fanzago)
Typhlodrominae Galendromus longipilus (Nesbitt)
Typhlodrominae Neoseiulella aceri (Collyer)
Typhlodrominae Neoseiulella tiliarum (Oudemans)
Typhlodrominae Paraseiulus soleiger (Ribaga)
Typhlodrominae Paraseiulus talbii (Athias-Henriot)
Typhlodrominae Paraseiulus triporus (Chant & Yoshida-Shaul)
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) athenas Swirski & Ragusa
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) atoosae Faraji
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) bagdasarjani Wainstein & Arutunjan
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) bakeri (Garman)
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) commenticius Livshitz & Kuznetsov
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) foenilis (= cryptus) Oudemans
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) involutus Livshitz & Kuznetsov
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) intercalaris Livshitz & Kuznetsov
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) kerkirae Swirski & Ragusa
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) psyllakisi Swirski & Ragusa
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) recki Wainstein
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) rhenanoides Athias-Henriot
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) rhenanus (Oudemans)
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) yasminae Faraji
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) athiasae Porath & Swirski
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) corticis Herbert
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) cotoneastri Wainstein
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) exhilaratus Ragusa
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) phialatus Athias-Henriot
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) pyri Scheuten
Typhlodrominae Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) tiliae Oudemans
Typhlodrominae Typhloseiulus simplex (Chant)


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Faraji F., Bakker F.,Roig, J2008 - A new species and two new records of Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Spain.Rev. Iber.Aracnol. 16: 105-111.

Faraji F., Roig J., Bakker F.2011 - Some new records of Phytoseiidae from South-West Europe with description of a new species from Spain (Acari: Mesostigmata). Intern. J. Acarol. 37: 331-346.

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Lindquist E., Evans G.W. 1965 - Taxonomic concepts in the Ascidae, with a modified setal nomenclature for the idiosoma of the Gamasina Acarina: Mesostigmata-Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can., 47: 1-64.

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Rowell H.J., Chant D.A.,Hansell, R.I.C.1978 - The determination of setal homologies and setal patterns on the dorsal shield in the family Phytoseiidae (Acarina: Mesostigmata). The Canadian Entomologist, 110: 859-876.

Tixier, M.-S., Kreiter, S. &Moraes,G.J. 2008 -Biogeographic distribution of the mites of the family Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 93: 845-856.

Tixier M.-S., Kreiter S., Douin M., Moraes G.J. 2012. Rates of description of Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata): space, time and body size variations. Biodiversity and Conservation online first DOI 10.1007/s10531-012-0235-0.





We thank Pr. Salvatore Ragusa (Facoltà di agraria, Università degli studi di Palermo), Pr Farid Faraji (MITOX The Netherlands), Mark Judson (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris), Javier Sanchez Almazan (Museum nacional de ciencias naturales, Madrid), Fred Beaulieu (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canadian Nacional collection of insects, arachnids and nematodes) for the lend of the types of the species : Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) cryptus (Oudemans), Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) psyllakisi Swirskii & Ragusa, Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) atoosae Faraji, Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) yasminae Faraji, Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) athenas Swirski& Ragusa and Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) corticis Herbert.