Share this article    

       

       

Notes on tenuipalpid mites associated with Quercus pubescens in southern Italy

De Giosa, Marcello 1 ; De Lillo, Enrico 2 and Ochoa, Ronald 3

1✉ Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences (Di.S.S.P.A.), University of Bari Aldo Moro, via Amendola, 165/a, Bari, 70126, Italy & World Biodiversity Association Onlus co Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Lungadige Porta Vittoria, 9, 37129 Verona, Italy.
2Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences (Di.S.S.P.A.), University of Bari Aldo Moro, via Amendola, 165/a, Bari, 70126, Italy.
3Systematic Entomology Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland, 20705, USA.

2022 - Volume: 62 Issue: 1 pages: 22-26

https://doi.org/10.24349/tayr-ir00

Short note

Keywords

flat mites new record survey Fagaceae

Abstract

During a survey of the flat mites (Tenuipalpidae) on forest trees and agricultural crops in five different sites of the Apulian territories (Southern Italy) in 2019, Brevipalpus recki (Livschitz & Mitrofanov) and Cenopalpus longirostris (Livschitz and Mitrofanov) were collected on Quercus pubescens (Willdenow) (Fagaceae). The authors give an account of the new record of C. longirostris, which was not listed in the previous Italian fauna, and of the finding of B. recki in southern Italy, since it was only mentioned from the northern region of the country so far. In addition, the paper lists Q. pubescens as a new host plant for C. longirostris.


Mites of the family Tenuipalpidae Berlese are specialized plant feeders and the genera Aegyptobia (Sayed), Brevipalpus (Donnadieu), Cenopalpus (Pritchard & Baker) and Tenuipalpus (Donnadieu) include 80% of the total number of valid species around the world (Castro et al. 2020). The world-wide economic importance of flat mites has been increasing due to the rapid spread of major invasive species and to the association of some of them with the transmission of plant pathogens, mainly viruses (de Lillo et al. 2021). Despite their economic significance, the geographic distribution and host associations of the Tenuipalpidae are largely incomplete. Several species of the genus Brevipalpus and Cenopalpus have been described on oaks (Quercus spp.: Fagaceae) around the world: Cenopalpus abaii Khosrowshahi & Arbabi, C. lanceolatisetae Attiah, C. meyerae Khosrowshahi, C. quercusi Khanjani et al., Brevipalpus albus De Leon, B. alni De Leon, B. arizonicae Baker & Tuttle, B. encinarius De Leon, B. glomeratus Pritchard & Baker, B. insinuates De Leon, B. linki Baker, B. mitrofanovi Pegazzano, B. moreliensis Baker & Tuttle, B. oaxacensis De Leon, B. ogmus Pritchard & Baker, B. pseudopini (Baker & Tuttle), B. quercicolus De Leon, B. querensis Baker & Tuttle, B. recki Livschitz & Mitrofanov and B. rugosus De Leon (Baker 1949; Pritchard and Baker 1952, 1958; De Leon 1960, 1961; Livshitz and Mitrofanov 1967; Thewke and Enns 1970; Pegazzano 1975; Meyer and Gerson 1980; Baker and Tuttle 1987; Hatzinikolis and Emmanouel 1987; Papaioannou-Souliotis et al. 1994; Khosrowshahi and Arbabi 1997; Sağlam and Çobanoğlu 2010; Khanjani et al. 2012; Ardali et al. 2014). Despite the above-mentioned list of species recorded on oaks, only two species B. mitrofanovi and B. recki have been found in Italy (Bernini et al. 1995). The aim of this study was to improve knowledge about tenuipalpid species found on Quercus species in Italy, updating Pegazzano (1975). Based on the current study, C. longirostris (Figure 1) is a newly recorded species from Italy and B. recki is spread also in the south of Italy.

Figure 1. Light micrograph (DIC) of Cenopalpus longirostris, adult female.

Leaves and twigs of twenty plants belonging to the genus Quercus (Q. coccifera L., Q. ilex Lour., Q. pubescens Will., Q. robur L., Q. sp. and Q. suber L.) (Table 1) were sampled between September and October 2019 in five locations of the Apulia District (Southern Italy): Bari (crop area), Mercadante Forest (Alta Murgia National Park – crop and natural areas), Cassano delle Murge (natural area), Bitetto (natural area) and Mattinata (natural area) (Figure 2). Plant samples were kept in polyethylene bags containing a paper towel, stored in a refrigerator (at about +4oC) and analyzed using Olympus SZH10 stereomicroscope at the Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences (DiSSPA), University of Bari Aldo Moro. Mites were slide-mounted in Hoyer's mounting medium (Walter and Krantz 2009) and dried in an oven (40-50 °C) for one week. Mites were identified based on the original descriptions and illustrations by Livschitz and Mitrofanov (1967); the identification of the plant hosts follows Fiori (1969). The specimens were studied using Differential Interference Contrast (DIC) and Phase Contrast microscopy. Voucher specimens were deposited in the Entomological and Zoological Section, Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences (DiSSPA), University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy (UNIBA); two slides of C. longirostris (1 deutonymph and 1♀) are deposited also in the United States National Insect and Mite Collection Smithsonian Institution, located at the Systematic Entomology Laboratory (SEL), USDA, Beltsville, Maryland, USA (USNM).

Figure 2. Map of Apulian District showing the locations inspected for Brevipalpus recki and Cenopalpus longirostris. Negative sites: 1 (Bari), 3 (Cassano delle Murge - Alta Murgia National Park) and 5 (Mattinata). Positive sites: 2 (Mercadante Forest - Alta Murgia National Park) and 4 (Bitetto).

Table 1. Species belonging to the Quercus genus, collected in five Apulian territories.

Brevipalpus recki and C. longirostris have been previously recorded on various host plant families: B. recki on Asteraceae (Inula vulgaris Trevis.), Fagaceae (Q. alba L., Q. cerris L., Q. ithaburensis Decne., Quercus sp.) and Rosaceae (Cerasus avium (L.) Moench, Rubus sp.); C. longirostris was reported on Fagaceae (Quercus sp.) (Papaioannou-Souliotis et al. 1994) and Rosaceae (Pyrus communis L.) (Livschitz and Mitrofanov 1967). However, B. recki and C. longirostris were collected together on Q. pubescens in three out of twenty samples inspected from the Mercadante Forest (Alta Murgia National Park) and Bitetto, located in southern Italy. Previously 27 species of flat mites were listed for Italy (De Giosa et al. 2021) and with the finding of C. longirostris, the total number of tenuipalpid mites in Italy increased to 28 species.

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Dr. Gregory Evans (APHIS-USDA) and Andrew Ulsamer (SEL-USDA) for the revision and helpful suggestions. To Debra Creel (SEL-USDA) for their help and support with references and materials. To the Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro; Smithsonian, National Museum Natural History; National Agricultural Library (NAL-USDA), and SEL-USDA for support and assistance with specimens, references and equipment. The mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the USDA; USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. Research supported in part by University of Bari Aldo Moro (Global thesis).



References

  1. Ardali M.-R., Hadizadeh A., Sharif M.-M., Khanjani M., Attiah H.-H. 2014. Tenuipalpid mites from Northern Iran and description of the male of Cenopalpus rubusi Khanjani 2012. Acarologia, 54(4): 453-462. https://doi.org/10.1051/acarologia/20142140
  2. Baker E.-W. 1949. The genus Brevipalpus (Acarina: Pseudoleptidae). The American Midland Naturalist, 42(2): 350-402. https://doi.org/10.2307/2422013
  3. Baker E.-W., Tuttle D.-M. 1987. The false spider mites of Mexico. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Technical Bulletin, 1706: 1-237.
  4. Bernini F., Castagnoli M., Nannelli R. 1995. Arachnida, Acari. In: Minelli A., Ruffo S., La Posta S. (eds.), Checklist delle specie della fauna italiana, 24. Edizione Calderini, Bologna, pp. 1-131.
  5. Castro E.B., Mesa N.C., Feres R.J.F., Moraes de G.J., Ochoa R., Beard J.J., Demite P.R. 2020. A newly available database of an important family of phytophagous mites: Tenuipapidae Database. Zootaxa, 4868(4): 577-583. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4868.4.7
  6. De Giosa M., Bassini-Silva R., de Lillo E., McDonald E.M., Ochoa R. 2021. Italian Acarine species intercepted in the United States. International Journal of Acarology, 47(8): 689-694. https://doi.org/10.1080/01647954.2021.1990407
  7. De Leon D. 1960. The genus Brevipalpus in Mexico, Part I (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Florida Entomologist, 43(4): 175-187. https://doi.org/10.2307/3492784
  8. De Leon D. 1961. The genus Brevipalpus in Mexico, Part II (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Florida Entomologist, 44(1): 41-52. https://doi.org/10.2307/3492547
  9. de Lillo E., Freitas-Astúa J., Kitajima E.W., Ramos-González P.L., Simoni S., Tassi A.D., Valenzano D. 2021. Phytophagous mites transmitting plant viruses: update and perspectives. Entomologia generalis, 41(5): 439-462. https://doi.org/10.1127/entomologia/2021/1283
  10. Fiori A. 1969. Nuova flora analitica d'italia. Edagricole, Vol 1.
  11. Hatzinikolis E.-N., Emmanouel N.-G. 1987. A revision of genus Cenopalpus in Greece (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Entomologia Hellenica, 5(1): 13-26. https://doi.org/10.12681/eh.13943
  12. Khanjani M., Khanjani M., Saboori A., Seeman O.-D. 2012. The false spider mites of the genera Cenopalpus Pritchard & Baker (Acari:Tenuipalpidae) from Iran. Zootaxa, 3433: 1-59. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3433.1.1
  13. Khosrowshahi M., Arbabi M. 1997. The Tenuipalpidae (Acari) of Iran with introduction of new species for the world fauna and Iran. Ministry of Agriculture, Agriculture research, Education and Extension Organization Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute, Tehran, 1-19.
  14. Livschitz I.-Z., Mitrofanov V.-I. 1967. Materials to the cognition of the Acariformes: Tenuipalpidaes fauna. Proceedings Nikitsky Botanic Garden 39: 1-72 [in Russian].
  15. Meyer M.-K.-P., Gerson U. 1980. Some false spider mites (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae) from Israel. Israel J. Ent., 15: 67-81.
  16. Papaioannou-Souliotis P., Ragusa di Chiara S., Tsolakis C. 1994. Phytophagous mites and their predators observed on cultivated plants in Greece during 1975-1990. Annals Istitute Phytopathological Benaki, 35-87.
  17. Pegazzano F. 1975. Due acari Tenuipalpidi infeudati al gen. Quercus: Tauripalpus recki (Livsh and Mitrof.) nuovo per l'Italia e Tauripalpoides mitorfanovi gen. nov., sp. nov. Redia, 56: 543-553.
  18. Pritchard A.E., Baker E.-W. 1952. The false spider mites of California (Acarina: Phytoptipalpidae). University of California Publications in Entomology, 9(1): 1-94.
  19. Pritchard A.E., Baker E.W. 1958. The false spider mites (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). University of California Publications in Entomology, 14(3): 175-274.
  20. Sağlam H.D., Çobanoğlu S. 2010. Determination of Tenuipalpidae (Acari: Prostigmata) species in parks and ornamental plants of Ankara, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Entomology, 34(1): 37-52.
  21. Thewke S.E., Enns W.-R. 1970. The spider-mite complex (Acarina: Tetranychoidea) in Missouri. University of Missouri, Missouri Agricultural Experimental Station, Contribution No. 5969, and No. 7294, Entomology Research Division, USDA, pp. 1-106.
  22. Walter D.E., Krantz G.-W. 2009. Collection, rearing, and preparing specimens. In: Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (Eds.), A Manual of Acarology, Third Edition. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, Texas, pp. 83-96.


Comments
Please read and follow the instructions to post any comment or correction.

Article editorial history
Date received:
2021-08-02
Date accepted:
2021-12-10
Date published:
2022-01-07

Edited by:
Navia, Denise

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
2022 De Giosa, Marcello; De Lillo, Enrico and Ochoa, Ronald
Downloads
 Download article

Download the citation
RIS with abstract 
(Zotero, Endnote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks, Mendeley)
RIS without abstract 
BIB 
(Zotero, BibTeX)
TXT 
(PubMed, Txt)
Article metrics
Number of distinct pdf views
417

Dimensions

Cited by: view citations with

Search via ReFindit