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New records of flat mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) from India

Mitra, Subhasree1; Acharya, Shelley2 and Ghosh, Sujay3

1Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata-700019, India.
2Zoological Survey of India, M- Block, New Alipore, Kolkata-700053, India.
3✉Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata-700019, India.

2018 - Volume: 58 Issue: 4 pages: 850-854

DOI: 10.24349/acarologia/20184291
ZooBank LSID: F5BD89F1-2336-4659-9929-70B044B5B805

Keywords

Brevipalpus Tenuipalpus Cenopalpus plant mite

Abstract

Six species of Tenuipalpidae are reported for the first time from India among the seventeen species from South Bengal in the current collection. Among them, three species belong to the genus Brevipalpus, B. melichrus Pritchard and Baker, B.mitrofanovi (Pegazzano) and B. turrialbensis Manson; one species of the genus Cenopalpus, C. picitilis Chaudhri; and the remaining two species belong to the genus Tenuipalpus, T. crassulus Baker and Tuttle and T. leipoldti Meyer.

Short note

Introduction

The Tenuipalpidae (Acari: Prostigmata: Tetranychoidea) commonly known as flat mites or false spider mites is cosmopolitan in distribution and economically very important pest species as they infest fruit trees, vegetables, crops, medicinal, ornamental and other economic plants and causes economic loss. More than 1100 species under 38 genera of flat mites are reported across the world (Beard et al., 2014). Presently 102 species under 15 genera are found in India as per latest record by Gupta and Mandal (2015). In present study we report seventeen tenuipalpid species from southern part of West Bengal of which six species are new to the Indian fauna.

Materials and methods

We conducted monthly field survey from 3 January 2015 to 29 December 2017 in various agri-horticultural crop fields, as well as forest and grassland of southern part of West Bengal, India. A total of 2762 leaf samples were brought to the laboratory and examined under a stereoscopic research microscope (Motic SMZ-168 Stereo Zoom Microscope). Mite specimens were temporarily preserved in 70% ethyl alcohol and were cleared in lactic acid (50%) for 24-48 hours then mounted on slides in Hoyer’s medium (Walter and Krantz, 2009) and slides were dried on a hot-plate at 40°C for further taxonomic identification. Mites were initially examined under Motic DM-B1 Digital Microscope. For further analysis and detailed characterization NIKON Eclipse 50i DIC microscope was used.

The specimens were identified using the key of Mitrofanov (1973 a, b); Meyer (1993); Beard et al. (2012, 2015); Gupta and Mandal (2015) and Welbourn et al. (2017). For the classification the catalogue of Mesa et al., (2009) and checklist of Khanjani et al., (2013) were consulted. The specimens are deposited in the National Zoological Collection of Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.

Results
Genus Brevipalpus Donnadieu
Brevipalpus californicus (Banks, 1904)

Material examined — 7♀ and 3♂, Sonarpur [22.4491° N, 88.3915° E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Nerium oleander L. 11 April 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 4♀, Duttapukur [22.7712° N, 88.5444° E], North 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Carica papaya L. 31 August 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀ and 1♂, Kulpi [22.0815° N, 88.2449° E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. 16 March 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀ and 2♂, Taki [22.5864° N, 88.9079° E], North 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Jasminum grandiflorum L. 24 October 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — California, India, Pakistan.

Brevipalpus cucurbitae Mohanasundaram, 1982

Material examined — 3♀ and 1♂, Contai [21.7811°N, 87.7450°E], East Midnapore, West Bengal on Cucurbita maxima Duchesne, 12 March 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 2♀ and 1♂, Arambag [22.8728°N, 87.7911°E], Hoogly, West Bengal on Psidium guajava L. 23 August 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — India.

Brevipalpus essigi Baker, 1949

Material examined — 2♀ and 1♂, Narendrapur [22.4391°N, 88.3968°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Theobroma cacao L. 8 September 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 4♀ and 2♂, Diamond Harbour [22.1987°N, 88.2023°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 30 March 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. Distribution — California, India, Mexico.

Brevipalpus euphorbiae Mohanasundaram, 1982

Material examined — 1♀ and 1♂, Baharampur [24.0988°N, 88.2679°E], Murshidabad, West Bengal on Croton sp., 22 January 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 2♀ and 1♂, Birati [22.6636°N, 88.4273°E], North 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Terminalia chebula Retz. 20 August 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — India.

Brevipalpus lewisi McGregor, 1949

Material examined — 5♀ and 1♂, Narendrapur [22.4391°N, 88.3968°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Justicia adhatoda L. 11 January 17, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 4♀ and 1♂, Joypur Forest [24.0162°N, 87.2562°E], Bankura, West Bengal on Morus alba L. 3 June 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀, Kalyani [22.9751° N, 88.4345° E], Nadia, West Bengal on Conyza stricta Willd. 13 May 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — California, India, Pakistan.

Brevipalpus melichrus Pritchard & Baker, 1952

Material examined — 5♀ and 2♂, Jayrambati [22.9253°N, 87.6149°E], Bankura, West Bengal on Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. 1 June 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀ and 1♂, Kamarpukur [22.8976°N, 87.6556°E], Bankura, West Bengal on Ocimum tenuiflorum L.2 June 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — California, India.

Remarks — New record from India.

Brevipalpus mitrofanovi (Pegazzano, 1975)

Material examined — 6♀ and 1♂, Raidighi [22.0012°N, 88.4354°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Rosa chinensis Jacq. 8 June 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 2♀ and 2♂, Kalikapur [22.5009°N, 88.3949°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle 11 April 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. Distribution — India, Italy.

Remarks — New record from India.

Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu, 1875

Material examined — 4♀ and 1♂, Kakwip [21.8760° N, 88.1853° E], South 24 Parganas; West Bengal on Cannabis indica Lam. 28 May 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 1♀ and 1♂, Bishnupur [23.0679° N, 87.3165° E], Bankura, West Bengal on Ficus carica L. 4 June 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 2♀ and 2♂, Liluah [22.6171° N, 88.3191° E ], Howrah, West Bengal on Citrus medica L. 18 November 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 6♀ and 2♂, Narendrapur [22.4391°N, 88.3968°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Justicia adhatoda L. 1 June 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 4♀ and 1♂, Joypur Forest [24.0162°N,87.2562°E], Bankura, West Bengal on Morus alba L. 3 July 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀, Kalyani [22.9751° N, 88.4345° E], Nadia, West Bengal on Conyza stricta Willd. 13 May 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — Cosmopolitan.

Brevipalpus phoenicis Geijskes, 1939

Material examined — 3♀ and 1♂, Raipur [22.4313° N, 88.2169° E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Musa sapientum L. 9 January 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 4♀ and 2♂, Raidighi [22.0012°N, 88.4354°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Lantana camara L.19 February 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 2♀ and 2♂, Hatibagan [22.5975° N, 88.3707° E], Kolkata, West Bengal on Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze 26 March 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 4♀ and 1♂, Canning [22.3104°N, 88.6579°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Carica papaya L. 19 May 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀ and 2♂, Lake Town [22.6070°N, 88.4028°E], Kolkata, West Bengal on Carica papaya L. 21 February 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra. Distribution Cosmopolitan.

Brevipalpus rica Chaudhri, 1972

Material examined — 3♀ and 2♂, Joypur Forest [24.0162°N, 87.2562°E], Bankura, West Bengal on Tecoma grandis Kraenzl. 4 June 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 5♀ and 1♂, Narendrapur [22.4391°N, 88.3968°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Momordica charantia L. 12 September 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — India, Pakistan.

Brevipalpus turrialbensis Manson, 1963

Material examined — 2♀, Narendrapur [22.4391°N, 88.3968°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng. 3 February 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 1♀, Dumurjola [22.5958°N, 88.2639°E], Howrah, West Bengal on Setaria paniculifera (Steud.) E. Fourn. 24 December 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 1♀, Bandel [22.9274°N,88.3773°E], Hooghly, West Bengal on Barleria cristata L. 6 February 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — Costa Rica, India.

Remarks — New record from India.

Genus Cenopalpus Pritchard & Baker
Cenopalpus picitilis (Chaudhri, 1971)

Material examined — 4♀ and 2♂, Joypur Forest [24.0162°N, 87.2562°E], Bankura, West Bengal on Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC. 4 July 2015, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 6♀ and 3♂, Narendrapur [22.4391°N, 88.3968°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Justicia adhatoda L. 22 November 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — Pakistan, India.

Remarks — New record from India.

Genus Tenuipalpus Donnadieu
Tenuipalpus bassaie Mohanasundaram, 1988

Material examined — 3♀ and 1♂, Narendrapur [22.4391°N, 88.3968°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 13 February 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — India.

Tenuipalpus crassulus Baker and Tuttle, 1972

Material examined — 4♀ and 1♂, Barasat [22.7228°N, 88.4806°E], North 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Hibiscus rosa sinensis L. 11 July 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀ and 1♂, Dumdum [22.6471°N, 88.4317°E], Kolkata, West Bengal on Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa 24 March 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — Guatemala, India, Netherland, Washington.

Remarks — New record from India.

Tenuipalpus crassus Andre, 1953

Material examined — 2♀ and 1♂, Joynagar-Majilpur [22.49716°N, 88.68081°E], South 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy 23 March 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — France, India.

Tenuipalpus leipoldti Meyer, 1993

Material examined — 2♀ and 1♂, Barrackpore [22.7674°N, 88.3883°E], North 24 Parganas, West Bengal on Rosa indica L.18 May 2016, coll. Subhasree Mitra. 3♀, Garden Reach [22.5335°N, 88.2996°E], Kolkata, West Bengal on Ficus hispida L.f. 27 February 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — India, South Africa.

Remarks — New record from India.

Tenuipalpus leptadeniaei Mohanasundaram, 1995

Material examined — 2♀, Digha [21.6266° N, 87.5074° E], East Midnapore, West Bengal on Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wight and Arn. 19 May 2017, coll. Subhasree Mitra.

Distribution — India.

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Director, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata and indebted to the Head, Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta for providing laboratory and infrastructural facilities to conduct this work. We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions for improvement of the manuscript. The work has been supported by DST-FIST, UGC/UPE-II facilities. Our sincere gratitude to Dr. S.K Gupta, former Emeritus Scientist of MoEF and DST, Govt. of India, for his guidance in identification.

References

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Beard J.J., Ochoa R., Braswell W.E., Bauchan G.R. 2015. Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) species complex -a closer look. Zootaxa, 3944 (1): 1-67. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3944.1.1

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Mitrofanov V.I. 1973b. Revision of the system of phytophagous mites of the subfamily Tenuiplapinae (Trombidiformes, Tenuipalpidae). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 52: 1315-1320.

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Welbourn W.C., Beard J.J., Bauchan G.R., Ochoa R. 2017. Description of a new species of Tenuipalpus (Acari: Trombidiformes) from succulent plants in Florida, USA, and a redescription of T. crassulus Baker and Tuttle. International Journal of Acarology, 43(2): 112-136. doi:10.1080/01647954.2016.1255253



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Article editorial history

Date received:
2018-05-10
Date accepted:
2018-09-22
Date published:
2018-10-12

Edited by:
Auger, Philippe

(CC BY 4.0)
© 2018 Mitra, Subhasree; Acharya, Shelley and Ghosh, Sujay

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