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James Allen McMurtry: an unforgettable man and professional, with a list of his publications

de Moraes, Gilberto J.1 and Johnson, M.W.2

1✉ Depto. Entomologia e Acarologia, ESALQ — Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba-SP, Brazil.
2Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA.

2017 - Volume: 57 Issue: 4 pages: 1121-1129

https://doi.org/10.24349/acarologia/20174231


Professor Emeritus and Entomologist James “Jim” Allen McMurtry passed away peacefully at his home in Bend, Oregon, on 28 July 2017. Born in Lodi, California, on 21 September 1932, Jim’s early years were spent in farming communities of central California, attending high school in Santa Clara. He became interested in science while a child and collected many specimens that he placed into his own personal museum. Like many professional entomologists, he was interested in insects prior to his teen years. Also an artist, Jim drew comic series in which insects (e.g., ants, dragonflies) were characters. He was a life-long reader of National Geographic and retained all volumes issued since 1937. Following high school graduation, he completed his undergraduate work in biological sciences at San Jose State University. While there, he met his future wife, Mary Catherine Gillaspy, whom he married in December 1954. He served in the U.S. Army (1954—1956) and was stationed in Paris, France, which provided an opportunity for Jim and Mary to explore Europe.

Figure 1.

Following military service, Jim entered graduate school at the University of California, Davis, working on host plant resistance to the spotted alfalfa aphid. Professor Leslie M. Smith served as his major professor, and he also worked closely with E. H. Stanford, Professor of Agronomy. He received his PhD degree in 1960 and joined the faculty of the Division of Biological Control, Department of Entomology, University of California Riverside (UCR). His professional career was largely devoted to the control of phytophagous mites using biological control agents, especially predatory mites of the family Phytoseiidae. This work required 1) a clear understanding of the biology and ecology of predatory mites; 2) expertise in the morphology and biosystematics of phytoseiid predators; and 3) establishment of criteria that would aid in the selection of the most effective phytoseiid predators for controlling pest mites in different cropping systems.

Jim’s first paper on biological control of mites was published in 1961, and he published about 80 papers covering various aspects of the biology, ecology, and use of predatory phytoseiids for biological control of pest mites. He mainly focused on enhancing biological control of mites infesting avocado and citrus crops in southern California. Jim collaborated with numerous researchers nationally and internationally working on diverse crops worldwide.

His contributions to biological control using phytoseiids were numerous. He successfully introduced and established the highly effective predator mites Phytoseiulus persimilis, Galendromus floridanus, Typhlodromus rickeri, and Euseius stipulatus. Today his studies using augmentative releases of P. persimilis for control of spider mites in strawberries provide growers with an alternative to pesticide use. Of special significance was the development of rearing methods for phytoseiids. His review on predators of phytophagous mites published in 1970 inspired researchers worldwide to devote efforts towards better understanding the control potential of phytoseiids. For those reasons, he may be considered the ‘father of biological control of mite pests’.

In collaboration with colleagues from numerous countries, Jim produced 65 publications on the morphology and taxonomy of phytoseiids. He and his collaborators described 69 species and 26 genera of phytoseiids from 36 countries. Most of this work was summarized in a 2007 publication co-authored with colleague Donald A. Chant. Of significance was his co-authorship on two editions of the Phytoseiid Catalog of the World and the Phytoseiid Database, the latter available on the internet and extensively used by researchers worldwide. A list of his publications is appended.

Also of major importance were his efforts to classify the phytoseiids into species groups relative to refining the selection of phytoseiids for control of mite pests. The first version of that work was published in the late 1990s, in collaboration with Brian Croft; this work was updated a few years ago. He provided service to the community of acarologists by reviewing journal manuscripts and serving on the Editorial Boards of the Int. J. Acarol., Exp. Appl. Acarol., and Acarologia.

Jim also taught courses on general and agricultural acarology, mainly at UCR. He also was a regular contributor at the Ohio State University Acarology Summer Program, and he participated in various mite short courses around the world (for example, the intensive course in acarology at the Colegio de Postgraduados in Chapingo Mexico in 1987). He served as major professor to 15 graduate students from several countries including the U.S.A, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, Guatemala, Iran, Morocco, and Venezuela.

Jim served as Head of the UCR Division of Biological Control prior to his retirement in 1993. In 2001, Jim’s contributions were recognized by the International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC), Neartic Regional Section, when he was presented the Distinguished Scientist Award. More recently, in 2013 he received the Award of Excellence from the Association of Natural Biocontrol Producers (ANBP) for his outstanding contributions to the field of augmentative biological control relative to his P. persmilis work. After retirement, Jim and Mary moved to Oregon. He continued to conduct taxonomic work on predatory mites, maintained collaborations worldwide, and routinely published his findings. He assisted UC Riverside Cooperative Extension Specialists in the development of a key to the phytoseiids of California and contributed towards instructing UC Farm Advisors on use of the key. The key helped demonstrate the establishment of Euseius stipulatus in northern California walnuts, far from its original releases in citrus in southern California.

Jim and Mary also traveled extensively, especially to Europe to hear classical music. He took up brewing beer as a hobby and enjoyed life to the fullest. Considered by many to be a most kind and generous individual, he will be missed by family, friends, and colleagues.

Acknowledgements

To Patrick McMurtry, Jim´s son, for providing us some enriching details about Jim. To Richard Redak, Thomas Perring, and Elizabeth Grafton-Cardwell, UCR, for their valuable suggestions in the preparation of this text.

References

Aponte O., McMurtry J.A. 1992 — Mating behaviour and reproductive mechanisms of Amblyseius colimensis Aponte and McMurtry (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Bol. Entomol. Venez. 7(1): 1-12.

Badii M.H., McMurtry J.A. 1983 — Effect of different foods on development, reproduction and survival of Phytoseiulus longipes (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) — Entomophaga 28(2): 161-166. doi:10.1007/BF02372140

Badii M.H., McMurtry J.A. 1984a — Feeding behaviour of some phytoseiid predators on the broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tarsonemidae) — Entomophaga 29(1): 49-53. doi:10.1007/BF02372208

Badii M.H., McMurtry J.A. 1984b — Life history of and life table parameters for Phytoseiulus longipes with comparative studies on P. persimilis and Typhlodromus occidentalis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Acarologia 25(2): 111-123.

Badii M.H., McMurtry J.A. 1988 — Effect of prey density on functional and reproductive responses of the predatory mite Phytoseiulus longipes (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Int. J. Acarol. 14(2): 61-69. doi:10.1080/01647958808683789

Badii M.H., McMurtry J.A. 1988 — Response of the predatory mite Phytoseiulus longipes Evans to spatial variation in the density of female prey Tetranychus pacificus McGregor (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae) — Int. J. Acarol. 14(2): 57-60. doi:10.1080/01647958808683788

Badii M.H., McMurtry J.A., Johnson H.G. 1990 — Comparative life-history studies on the predaceous mites Typhlodromus annectens and T. porresi (Acari: Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) — Exp. Appl. Acarol. 10(2): 129-136. doi:10.1007/BF01194088

Bounfour M., McMurtry J.A. 1987 — Biology and ecology of Euseius scutalis (Athias-Henriot) (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) — Hilgardia 55(5): 1-23. doi:10.3733/hilg.v55n05p023

Charlet L.D., McMurtry J.A. 1977a — Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. I. Survey of mites present on native pines, including a description of a new species of Phytoseiidae — Hilgardia 45(7): 173-210. doi:10.3733/hilg.v45n07p173

Charlet L.D., McMurtry J.A. 1977b — Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. II. Population dynamics of mites on three species of pines in the Forest Falls area of the San Bernardino Mountains — Hilgardia 45(7): 211-222. doi:10.3733/hilg.v45n07p211

Charlet L.D., McMurtry J.A. 1977c — Systematics and bionomics of predaceous and phytophagous mites associated with pine foliage in California. III. Laboratory studies on the biology of the phytoseiids Metaseiulus validus (Chant) and Typhloseiopsis pini (Chant) — Hilgardia 45(7): 223-236. doi:10.3733/hilg.v45n07p223

Congdon B.D., McMurtry J.A. 1988a — Morphological evidence establishing the loss of paternal chromosomes in males of predatory phytoseiid mites, genus Euseius — Entomol. Exp. Appl. 48(1): 95-96. doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.1988.tb02304.x

Congdon B.D., McMurtry J.A. 1988b — Prey selectivity in Euseius tularensis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Entomophaga 33(3): 281-287 doi:10.1007/BF02372617

Croft B.A., McMurtry J.A. 1972a — Comparative studies on four strains of Typhlodromus occidentalis Nesbitt (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). IV. Life history studies — Acarologia 13(3): 460-470.

Croft B.A., McMurtry J.A. 1972b — Minimum releases of Typhlodromus occidentalis to control Tetranychus mcdanieli on apple — J. Econ. Entomol. 65(1): 188-191. doi:10.1093/jee/65.1.188

Flechtmann C.H.W., McMurtry J.A. 1992 — Studies on how phytoseiid mites feed on spider mites and pollen — Int. J. Acarol. 18(3): 157-162. doi:10.1080/01647959208683946

Huffaker C.B., van de Vrie M., McMurtry J.A. 1969 — The ecology of tetranychid mites and their natural control — Annu. Rev. Entomol. 14: 125-174. doi:10.1146/annurev.en.14.010169.001013

Huffaker C.B., van de Vrie M., McMurtry J.A. 1970 — Ecology of tetranychid mites and their natural enemies: a review. II. Tetranychid populations and their possible control by predators: an evaluation — Hilgardia 40(11): 391-458. doi:10.3733/hilg.v40n11p391

Jeppson L.R., McMurtry J.A., Mead D.W., Jesser M.J., Johnson H.G. 1975 — Toxicity of citrus pesticides to some predaceous phytoseiid mites — J. Econ. Entomol. 68(5): 707-710. doi:10.1093/jee/68.5.707

Jones V.P., Hara A., Hashimoto C., Rathman R.J., McMurtry J.A. 1992 — Occurrence of the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari:Tetranychidae), in the Hawaiian Islands — Proc. Hawaii. Entomol. Soc. 31: 255-256.

McMurtry J.A. 1961 — Current research on biological control of avocado insect and mite pests — Calif. Avoc. Soc. Yearb. 45: 104-106.

McMurtry J.A. 1962 — Fighting pest mites with predaceous mites — Calif. Citrogr. 47(10): 361-362.

McMurtry J.A. 1963 — Diaspidine scale insects as prey for certain phytoseiid mites, pp. 151-154 — In: J.A. Naegele (ed.), Advances in acarology, vol. 1. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.

McMurtry J.A. 1964 — Ecology of phytoseiid mites on citrus and avocado in southern California — Acarologia Fasc Hors Serie 6: 420.

McMurtry J.A. 1965 — Predaceous mites on avocados — Calif. Citrogr. 50(10): 399-401.

McMurtry J.A. 1969 — Biological and integrated control of mites on subtropical crops — Organ. Eur. Mediterr. Prot. Plant. Publ. Ser. A (52): 49-51.

McMurtry J.A. 1969 — Biological control of citrus red mite in California — Proceedings of the First International Citrus Symposium, 1968 2: 855-862.

McMurtry J.A. 1978a — Biological control of citrus mites — Proc. Int. Soc. Citric. 1977 2: 456-459.

McMurtry J.A. 1978b — Tetranychidae, pp. 3-8. In Clausen C.P. (ed.), Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds: a world review — Agriculture Handbook, United States Department of Agriculture, no 480.

McMurtry J.A. 1982 — The use of phytoseiids for biological control: progress and future prospects, pp. 23-48. In: Hoy M.A. (ed.), Recent advances in knowledge of the Phytoseiidae — Div. Agric. Sci. Spec. Publ. 3284. University of California, Berkeley, USA.

McMurtry J.A. 1983 — Phytoseiid predators in orchard systems: a classical biological control success story, pp. 21-26. In: Hoy M.A., Cunningham G.L., Knutson L. [eds.], Biological control of pests by mites — Div. Agric. Nat. Res. Spec. Publ. 3304. University of California, Berkeley, USA.

McMurtry J.A. 1985a — Avocado, pp. 327-332 — In: Helle W., Sabelis M.W. [eds.], Spider mites. Their biology, natural enemies and control, vol. 1B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

McMurtry J.A. 1985b — Citrus, pp. 339-347 — In: Helle W., Sabelis M.W. [eds.], Spider mites. Their biology, natural enemies and control, vol. 1B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

McMurtry J.A. 1989 — Utilizing natural enemies to control pest mites on citrus and avocado in California, U.S.A, pp. 325-336 — In ChannaBasavanna G.P., Viraktamath C.A. [eds.], Progress in acarology, vol. 2. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands.

McMurtry J.A. 1992 — Dynamics and potential impact of 'generalist' phytoseiids in agroecosystems and possibilities for establishment of exotic species — Exp. Appl. Acarol. 14(3-4): 371-382. doi:10.1007/BF01200574

McMurtry J.A., Flaherty D.L. 1977 — An ecological study of phytoseiid and tetranychid mites on walnut in Tulare County, California. Environ — Entomol. 6(2): 287-292. doi:10.1093/ee/6.2.287

McMurtry J.A., Johnson H.G. 1962 — The avocado brown mite in relation to its natural enemies — Calif. Avoc. Soc. Yearb. 46: 76-81.

McMurtry J.A., Johnson H.G. 1965 — Some factors influencing the abundance of the predaceous mite Amblyseius hibisci in southern California (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 58(1): 49-56. doi:10.1093/aesa/58.1.49

McMurtry J.A., Johnson H.G. 1966 — An ecological study of the spider mite Oligonychus punicae (Hirst) and its natural enemies — Hilgardia 37(11): 363-402. doi:10.3733/hilg.v37n11p363

McMurtry J.A., Rodriguez J.G. 1987 — Nutritional ecology of phytoseiid mites, pp. 609-644 — In: Slansky Jr. F., Rodriguez J.G. [eds.], Nutritional ecology of insects, mites, spiders and related invertebrates. John Wiley, Sons, New York, USA.

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1962 — The use of agar media in transporting and rearing phytoseiid mites — J. Econ. Entomol. 55(3): 412-414. doi:10.1093/jee/55.3.412

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1964a — Biology of the predaceous mite Typhlodromus rickeri (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 57(3): 362-367. doi:10.1093/aesa/57.3.362

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1964b — Studies on the feeding, reproduction, and development of Amblyseius hibisci (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) on various food substances — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 57(5): 649-655. doi:10.1093/aesa/57.5.649

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1965a — Insectary production of phytoseiid mites — J. Econ. Entomol. 58: 282-284. doi:10.1093/jee/58.2.282

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1965b — Life-history studies of Amblyseius limonicus, with comparative observations on Amblyseius hibisci (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 58(1): 106-111. doi:10.1093/aesa/58.1.106

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1966a — Effects of artificial foods on reproduction and development of four species of phytoseiid mites — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 59(2): 267-269. doi:10.1093/aesa/59.2.267

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1966b — Studies on predator-prey interactions between Amblyseius hibisci and Oligonychus punicae (Acarina: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae) under greenhouse conditions — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 59(4): 793-800. doi:10.1093/aesa/59.4.793

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1966c — The influence of pollen and prey density on the number of prey consumed by Amblyseius hibisci (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 59(1): 147-149. doi:10.1093/aesa/59.1.147

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1968 — Studies on predator-prey interactions between Amblyseius hibisci and Oligonychus punicae: effects of host-plant conditioning and limited quantities of an alternate food — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 61(2): 393-397. doi:10.1093/aesa/61.2.393

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1971 — Predation by Amblyseius limonicus on Oligonychus punicae (Acarina): effects of initial predator-prey ratios and prey distribution — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 64(1): 219-224. doi:10.1093/aesa/64.1.219

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T. 1975 — Population increase of Phytoseiulus persimilis on different insectary feeding programs — J. Econ. Entomol. 68(3): 319-321. doi:10.1093/jee/68.3.319

McMurtry J.A., Show E.D. 2012 — Phytoseiid on blackberry in Central California — Syst. Appl. Acarol. 17(4): 384-387.

McMurtry J.A., van de Vrie M. 1973 — Predation by Amblyseius potentillae (Garman) on Panonychus ulmi (Koch) in simple ecosystems (Acarina: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae) — Hilgardia 42(2): 17-34. doi:10.3733/hilg.v42n02p017

McMurtry J.A., Badii M.H., Johnson H.G. 1984 — The broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus, as a potential prey for phytoseiid mites in California — Entomophaga 29(1): 83-86. doi:10.1007/BF02372212

McMurtry J.A., Moraes G.J. de, Johnson H.G. 1992 — Arrestment responses of some phytoseiid mites to extracts of Oligonychus punicae, Tetranychus urticae and pollen — Isr. J. Entomol. 25/26: 29-34.

McMurtry J.A., Huffaker C.B., van de Vrie M. 1970 — Ecology of tetranychid mites and their natural enemies: a review. 1. Tetranychid enemies: their biological characters and the impact of spray practices — Hilgardia 40: 331-390. doi:10.3733/hilg.v40n11p331

McMurtry J.A., Johnson H.G., Badii M.H. 1984 — Experiments to determine effects of predator releases on populations of Oligonychus punicae (Acarina: Tetranychidae) on avocado in California — Entomophaga 29(1): 11-19. doi:10.1007/BF02372204

McMurtry J.A., Moraes G.J. de, Sourassou N.F. 2013 — Revision of the lifestyles of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) and implications for biological control strategies — Syst. Appl. Acarol. 18(4): 297-320. doi:10.11158/saa.18.4.1

McMurtry J.A., Morse J.G., Johnson H.G. 1992 — Studies of the impact of Euseius species (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on citrus mites using predator exclusion and predator release experiments — Exp. Appl. Acarol. 15(4): 233-248. doi:10.1007/BF01246565

McMurtry J.A., Shaw J.G., Johnson H.G. 1979 — Citrus red mite populations in relation to virus disease and predaceous mites in Southern California — Environ. Entomol. 8(1): 160-164. doi:10.1093/ee/8.1.160

McMurtry J.A., Oatman E.R., Phillips P.A., Wood C.W. 1978 — Establishment of Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in southern California — Entomophaga 23(2): 175-179. doi:10.1007/BF02371725

McMurtry J.A., Scriven G.T., Newberger S.N., Johnson H.G. 1991 — Methodologies of rearing, introducing, and establishing phytoseiid mites — Res. Ext. Ser. Coll. Trop. Agric. Hum. Resour. Univ. Hawaii Coop. Ext. Serv. Honolulu, Hawaii (Proc. 1989 ADAP Crop Prot. Conf., May 18-19, 1989, Honolulu, Hawaii) (134): 104-110.

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 1981 — Biology of Amblyseius citrifolius (Denmark and Muma) (Acarina Phytoseiidae) — Hilgardia 49(1): 1-29. doi:10.3733/hilg.v49n01p029

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 1985 — Chemically mediated arrestment of the predaceous mite Phytoseiulus persimilis by extracts of Tetranychus evansi and Tetranychus urticae — Exp. Appl. Acarol. 1(2): 127-138. doi:10.1007/BF01270592

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 1985 — Comparison of Tetranychus evansi and T. urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) as prey for eight species of phytoseiid mites — Entomophaga 30(4): 393-397. doi:10.1007/BF02372345

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 1986 — Suitability of the spider mite Tetranychus evansi as prey for Phytoseiulus persimilis — Entomol. Exp. Appl. 40(2): 109-115. doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.1986.tb00490.x

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 1987 — Physiological effect of the host plant on the suitability of Tetranychus urticae as prey for Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Tetranychidae, Phytoseiidae) — Entomophaga 32(1): 35-38. doi:10.1007/BF02390929

Oatman E.R., McMurtry J.A. 1966 — Biological control of two-spotted spider mite on strawberry in southern California — J. Econ. Entomol. 59(2): 433-439. doi:10.1093/jee/59.2.433

Oatman E.R., Fleschner C.A., McMurtry J.A. 1967 — New spider mite poses threat to California's solanaceous crops — Calif. Agric. 21(10): 10-12.

Oatman E.R., McMurtry J.A., Voth V. 1968 — Suppression of the two-spotted spider mite on strawberry with mass releases of Phytoseiulus persimilis — J. Econ. Entomol. 61(6): 1517-1521. doi:10.1093/jee/61.6.1517

Oatman E.R., McMurtry J.A., Gilstrap F.E., Voth V. 1977 — Effect of releases of Amblyseius californicus on the twospotted spider mite on strawberry in southern California — J. Econ. Entomol. 70(5): 638-640. doi:10.1093/jee/70.5.638

Oatman E.R., McMurtry J.A., Gilstrap F.E., Voth V. 1977 — Effect of releases of Amblyseius californicus, Phytoseiulus persimilis, and Typhlodromus occidentalis on the twospotted spider mite on strawberry in southern California — J. Econ. Entomol. 70(1): 45-47. doi:10.1093/jee/70.1.45

Oatman E.R., McMurtry J.A., Shorey H.H., Voth V. 1967 — Studies on integrating Phytoseiulus persimilis releases, chemical applications, cultural manipulations, and natural predation for control of the two-spotted spider mite on strawberry in southern California — J. Econ. Entomol. 60(5): 1344-1351. doi:10.1093/jee/60.5.1344

Porres M.A., McMurtry J.A., March R.B. 1975 — Investigations of leaf sap feeding by three species of phytoseiid mites by labelling with radioactive phosphoric acid (H332PO4) — Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 68(5): 871-872. doi:10.1093/aesa/68.5.871

Sanderson J.P., McMurtry J.A. 1984 — Life history studies of the predaceous mite Phytoseius hawaiiensis — Entomol. Exp. Appl. 35(3): 227-234. doi:10.1111/j.1570-7458.1984.tb03386.x

Sandness J.N., McMurtry J.A. 1970. Functional response of three species of Phytoseiidae (Acarina) to prey density — Can. Entomol. 102(6): 692-704. doi:10.4039/Ent102692-6

Sandness J.N., McMurtry J.A. 1972. Prey consumption behavior of Amblyseius largoensis in relation to hunger — Can. Entomol. 104(4): 461-470. doi:10.4039/Ent104461-4

Scriven G.T., McMurtry J.A. 1971 — Quantitative production and processing of tetranychid mites for large scale testing or predator production — J. Econ. Entomol. 64(5): 1255-1257. doi:10.1093/jee/64.5.1255

Tanigoshi L.K., McMurtry J.A. 1977a — The dynamics of predation of Stethorus picipes (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Typhlodromus floridanus on the prey Oligonychus punicae (Acarina: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae). Part II. Effects of initial prey predator ratios and prey distribution — Hilgardia 45(8): 262-288. doi:10.3733/hilg.v45n08p262

Tanigoshi L.K., McMurtry J.A. 1977b — The dynamics of predation of Stethorus picipes (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Typhlodromus floridanus on the prey Oligonychus punicae (Acarina: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae). Part I. Comparative life history and life table studies — Hilgardia 45(8): 237-261. doi:10.3733/hilg.v45n08p237

Wysoki M., McMurtry J.A. 1977 — Karyotypes of eight species of phytoseiid mites of the genus Amblyseius Berlese (Acarina: Mesostigmata) — Genetica 47(3): 237-239 doi:10.1007/BF00123245

Zhimo Z., McMurtry J.A. 1988 — Calculation of developmental duration of mites reared in groups compared to those reared in isolation — Int. J. Acarol. 14(3): 137-141. doi:10.1080/01647958808683506

Zhimo Z., McMurtry J.A. 1990 — Development and reproduction of three Euseius (Acari: Phytoseiidae) species in the presence and absence of supplementary foods — Exp. Appl. Acarol. 8(4): 233-242. doi:10.1007/BF01202134

Phytoseiid morphology and taxonomy:

Aponte O., McMurtry J.A. 1993 — Phytoseiid mites of Venezuela (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Int. J. Acarol. 19(2): 149-157.

Aponte O., McMurtry J.A. 1995 — Revision of the genus Iphiseiodes De Leon (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Int. J. Acarol. 21(3): 165-183. doi:10.1080/01647959508684056

Aponte O., McMurtry J.A. 1997 — Description of Euseius obispensis n.sp. (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from avocado in California — Int. J. Acarol. 23(1): 21-25. doi:10.1080/01647959708684115

Badii M.H., McMurtry J.A. 1984 — Life history of and life table parameters for Phytoseiulus longipes with comparative studies on P. persimilis and Typhlodromus occidentalis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Acarologia 24: 111-123.

Castro T.M.M.G. de, Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 2010 — New Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Costa Rica, with additional information on other species — Int. J. Acarol. 36(1): 35-48. doi:10.1080/01647950903506718

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Chant D.A., McMurtry J.A. 2003b — A review of the subfamily Amblyseiinae Muma (Acari: Phytoseiidae): Part II. The tribe Kampimodromini Kolodochka — Int. J. Acarol. 29(3): 179-224. doi:10.1080/01647950308684331

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Chant D.A., McMurtry J.A. 2004b — A review of the subfamily Amblyseiinae Muma (Acari: Phytoseiidae): Part IV. Tribe Amblyseiini Wainstein, subtribe Arrenoseiina Chant, McMurtry — Int. J. Acarol. 30(4): 291-312. doi:10.1080/01647950408684399

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Faraji A.R., Shiroodbakhshi M., Ostovan H., McMurtry J.A. 2007 — Redescription of the female of Paraseiulus triporus and Proprioseiopsis dacus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) based on material collected from citrus in northern Iran — Syst. Appl. Acarol. 12: 199-204. doi:10.11158/saa.12.3.4

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Flechtmann C.H.W., Evans G.O., McMurtry J.A. 1994 — Some noteworthy features of the chelicerae and subcapitulum of Phytoseiulus longipes Evans (Acari: Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae), with observations on the preoral channel in the Phytoseiidae — Exp. Appl. Acarol. 18(5): 293-299. doi:10.1007/BF00132318

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Hajizadeh J., Hosseini R., McMurtry J.A. 2002 — Phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) associated with eriophyid mites (Acari: Eriophyidae) in Guilan Province of Iran — Int. J. Acarol. 28: 373-378. doi:10.1080/01647950208684313

Jiménez S., McMurtry J.A., Moraes G.J. de 2014 — Description of a new species of Neoparaphytoseius Chant and McMurtry (Acari: Mesostigmata: Phytoseiidae) from Peru, with a redefinition of the genus — Zootaxa 3841(2): 293-300.

Kolodochka L.A., Hajiqanbar H., McMurtry J.A. 2003 — A description of unknown male and resdescription of female of the rare phytoseiid mite Neoseiulus sugonjaevi (Wainstein et Abbasova, 1974) (Parasitiformes, Phytoseiidae) from Iran — Acarina 11(2): 231-233.

Lofego A.C., Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 2000 — Three new species of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Brazil — An. Soc. Entomol. Brasil 29(3): 461-467. doi:10.1590/S0301-80592000000300008

Lopes P.C., McMurtry J.A., Moraes G.J. de 2015 — Definition of the concordis species group of the genus Euseius (Acari: Phytoseiidae), with a morphological reassessment of the species included — Zootaxa 4048(2): 174-190.

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McMurtry J.A. 1969 — Biological control of citrus red mite in California — Proceedings of the First. International Citrus Symposium, Riverside, USA 2: 855-862.

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McMurtry J.A. 1977b — Some predaceous mites (Phytoseiidae) on citrus in the Mediterranean region — Entomophaga 22: 19-30. doi:10.1007/BF02372986

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McMurtry J.A., Flaherty D.L. 1977 — An ecological study of phytoseiid and tetranychid mites on walnut in Tulare County, California — Env. Entomol. 6: 287-292. doi:10.1093/ee/6.2.287

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McMurtry J.A., Moraes G.J. de 1989 — Some phytoseiid mites from Peru with descriptions of four new species (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Int. J. Acarol. 15(3): 179-188.

McMurtry J.A., Moraes G.J. de 1991 — Two new Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Zimbabwe with new records of other species — Int. J. Acarol. 17(1): 21-27.

McMurtry J.A., Schicha E. 1987 — Nine new species of Amblyseius from Australia (Acari: Phytoseiidae) — Int. J. Acarol. 13(1): 77-91. doi:10.1080/01647958708683484

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McMurtry J.A., Oatman E.R., Fleschner C.A. 1971 — Phytoseiid mites on some tree and row crops and adjacent wild plants in southern California — J. Econ. Entomol. 64: 405-408. doi:10.1093/jee/64.2.405

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Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 1988 — Some phytoseiid mites from Kenya, with description of three new species — Acarologia 29(1): 13-18.

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Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A., Yaninek J.S. 1989a — Some phytoseiid mites (Acari, Phytoseiidae) from tropical Africa with description of a new species — Int. J. Acarol. 15(2): 95-102. doi:10.1080/01647958908683830

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A., Denmark H.A., Campos C.B. 2004a — A revised catalog of the mite family Phytoseiidae — Zootaxa 434: 1-494. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.434.1.1

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A., Lopes P.C. 2006a — Redefinition of Metaseiulus Muma (Acari: Phytoseiidae) and description of a new species from Brazil — Int. J. Acarol. 32(4): 351-354. doi:10.1080/01647950608684481

Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A., van den Berg H., Yaninek J.S. 1989c — Phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) of Kenya, with descriptions of five new species and complementary descriptions of eight species — Int. J. Acarol. 15(2): 79-93. doi:10.1080/01647958908683829

Schicha E., McMurtry J. 1986 — Two new and two known species of Typhlodromus Scheuten (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Australia — J. Austral. Entomol. Soc. 25: 177-183. doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.1986.tb01100.x

Zacarias M.S., Moraes G.J. de, McMurtry J.A. 2002 — A new species of Galendromimus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Brazil — Zootaxa 102: 1-6. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.102.1.1



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2017 de Moraes, Gilberto J. and Johnson, M.W.
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