The spiracle glands in Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Acari: Ixodidae)Suppan, J.; Walzl, M. and Klepal, W.
2013 - Volume: 53 Issue: 2 pages: 221-230
Date received: 2012-09-12, Date accepted: 2013-01-21, Date published: 2013-06-28
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Keywords: spiracle; basal plate glands; calyx; sclerites; hygroscopic secretion; pheromones
Within Ixodida, dermal glands associated with spiracles are apparently an exclusive feature of Ixodidae. The function of these glands is still unclear and morphological studies revealed differences between species. The structure of the gland in Ixodes ricinus was examined using electron microscopy. The results are compared with the findings in previously studied species and possible functions of the glands are discussed.
Varroa destructor (Varroidae) on a honey bee. Low temperature -Scanning electron microscopy photograph.
Material collected and fixed for LT-SEM: J. Pettis, USDA-ARS-Bee Lab. and R. Ochoa, USDA-ARS-SEL;
LT-SEM photo: E. Erbe and C. Pooley, USDA-ARS-CEMU © USDA;
Petrobia harti (Tetranychidae) © INRA - Alain Migeon;
Dermanyssus gallinae (Dermanysssidae) © Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Lyon – Lise Roy;
Adult Ixodes sp. (Ixodidae) engorging on an Atlantic puffin Fratercula arctica © Andy Darrington;
Panonychus ulmi (Tetranychidae): hatching of a winter egg © Université de Lausanne – Centre de microscopie électronique – Cazelles
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